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No two brains are alike, making precision placement of the coils used in TMS Therapy tricky.  Precise and reliable positioning can make the difference between a fantastic result and an unsatisfactory one.  Our new Neural Navigator navigation system provides unmatched, consistent precision in positioning the TMS coil over the target area for each person receiving TMS Therapy. Conventional coil placement is done using anatomical landmarks like the bridge of the nose, the projecting part of the back of the skull, etc. to align the coil over an intended brain target. This is called the “non-navigated approach.”  This approach does not need the patient’s MRI.
The navigated approach, on the other hand, uses the patient’s MRI, thereby taking into account the individual’s anatomy. From the MRI, one can mark out brain targets using individual brain landmarks (gyri and sulci). Once marked, the coil can be positioned to within a mm precision over the target. Any patient or operator movement can be immediately compensated for- as the brain target is always visible.  This approach is similar to the one taken in image-guided stereotaxy when performing brain surgery. Studies have shown unequivocally greater benefit (up to twice as much) when using a navigated approach over the non-navigated one for TMS treatment.


Figure on left is from “A randomized trial of rTMS targeted with MRI based neuronavigation in treatment-resistant depression”  Neuropsychopharmacology 2009.

“Standard” indicaties Non-Navigated approach

“Targeted” indicates Navigated approach

Silicon Valley TMS

Silicon Valley TMS of San Jose
2039 Forest Ave
Suite 201
San Jose, CA 95128

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Silicon Valley TMS of East Bay
5776 Stoneridge Mall Rd
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Mountain View, California 94040

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